Probably everyone has heard of this disease. We are all aware that mosquitoes are responsible for spreading it. What else do you know about it? Probably not much. If you want to know more, this article will provide you with sufficient information.
When it comes to malaria, it is a severe disease, caused by a parasite that infects and poisons the red blood cells of our bodies. It is quite common throughout the world. The main risk for the United States citizens is traveling to subtropical and tropical countries where this disease is an issue. Malaria is also one of the leading causes of death in the world. On average, it takes about a million lives each year. It means it results in one death every thirty seconds. Also, it can be transmitted to people of all ages.
Types of malaria
There are four categories of this disease, each of them caused by a different parasite. The most deadly one is falciparum, and it occurs in Africa. The remaining three types are less severe than the first one. Also, they are not life-threatening.
Causes of malaria
The primary one is a mosquito bite, from an infected female Anopheles. It bites the victim and injects the parasites into the blood. These intruders then travel to the liver and infect the red cells. Keep in mind that the female mosquitoes are the sole carrier of this disease, as male ones don’t feed on blood. Another cause is transmission by transfusion of the infected blood.
It is no wonder many organizations focus on malaria case management. It includes efforts to provide a quality diagnosis of this disease, as well as the proper treatment. These organizations provide supervision and training to help staff diagnose the suspected malaria cases correctly, before providing treatment. Also, their duty is to give the appropriate treatment to patients. Thanks to this, medical staff will be educated and experienced in recognizing and diagnosing malaria cases. The sooner this disease is noticed, the fewer individuals will be at risk of getting infected.
Symptoms and treatment of malaria
Most common signs of this illness include muscle pain, blood in stool, headache, fever, cycles of chills, sweating, anemia, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and yellowing of the whites of the eyes, and skin. There is no single treatment for malaria. It depends on the geographic area of the infection of an individual. The reason for this is the resistance of malaria types in various areas to certain medications. If you want to be a part of the fight against this disease, you should consider taking up one of the nursing assistant programs. You can help many individuals by learning how to notice, diagnose, and treat malaria. When it comes to prevention, the best way is spraying insecticides. You should also avoid mosquito bites. For example, don’t have stagnant water near your home, add screens to your doors and windows, and apply insect repellent lotion on the skin.